Pakistan Army captain martyred in Quetta attack

A captain of the Pakistan Army, Roohullah was among the people who embraced martyrdom during the attack on the police training centre in Quetta. According to ISPR, Captain Roohullah was an elite Army commando and he will be awarded Tamgha-e-Jurat. The captain embraced martyrdom during the security forces operation at the centre to kill the terrorists and free captive police recruits. Security sources said the martyred captain was a resident of Shabqadar and his funeral prayers will be offered in his hometown.
Advertisements

General Raheel Sharif spent entire day with troops in Khyber Agency

General Raheel Sharif, Chief of Army Staff spent entire day with troops and tribals in Khyber Agency today. He first visited Jawaro near Pak-Afghan border and reviewed the progress of ongoing operation in its concluding phase. While talking to troops, he commended their professional commitment and paid rich tributes to them for their sacrifices in restoration of peace and normalcy to the troubled region of Khyber Agency.

Ghauri Missile

The Ghauri is a land-based surface-to-surface medium-range ballistic missile, in current service with the Army’s Strategic Forces Command a subordinate command of Strategic Plans Division. Designed and developed by Khan Research Laboratories (KRL), the missile system uses a single stage liquid fuel rocket motor to carry a payload of 700 kg to a range of 1,500 km. Two variants of the Ghauri were produced under the secretivemissile research programme started in 1987 and the development of a third variant was cancelled. The Ghauri-II uses increased motor assembly length and improved propellants for an increased range of 2,300 km (1,400 mi).
The missile is named after Shahabuddin Muhammad Ghauri, while the “Hatf” designation originates from the name of the sword or lance of Muhammad. 
History
Codename
Upon its development, the missile’s name is traced in the remembrance of the 12th century Afghan King Shahabuddin Ghauri, by a senior scientist who worked on the program with a keen interests in medieval history. Afghan King Ghauri successfully campaigned for the northwestern region of India between 1176 and 1182, but was defeated in his first battle for northern India by Indian King Prithviraj Chauhan.
However, the JS HQ officially has the codename for the missile as “Hatf–5 (Ghauri–I); the Hatf codename originated from the name of the sword or lance of Muhammad.
Design and development
According to the American intelligence estimates in 1999, the Ghauri–I is influenced and its design development is based on the Rodong-1 missile of North Korea. According to the American Federation of Atomic Scientists, the Ghauri–I is believed to inherit a warhead spin-up mechanism from the Rodong 1 and it is stated that this feature could improve accuracy up to 190mCEP— although this is still debatable. The mechanism involved using steering vanes to spin the missile after 100 seconds of flight time.  After 110 seconds, the rocket motor stops and the warhead separates from the rocket motor. The warhead then enters a more stable re-entry trajectory due to the spinning motion. Warhead accuracy would be further enhanced if the Ghauri’s inertial navigation system is capable of being updated by GPS satellite signals. 
On Pakistan’s own unofficial admission, the technology transfer took place in 1990s in return of the instructions on theenrichment methods of uranium[10] Not much has been publicized as controversy surrounds on the fact when it was claimed that North Korean nuclear efforts were well advance from before the instructions on the enrichment methods of uranium were provided. 
According to the Pakistani military reports, the original design of the missile was flawed and the missile burned up on re-entryduring its first test flight in 1998.  Its aging electronic systems, engine system, and propellent had to be replace and design of the warhead to be re-design. The KRL, assistance from the NESCOM, DESTO, and NDC, engaged in heavy reengineering and reverse engineered much of the missile system. 
The liquid fuel systems are incapable of storing fuel for any long period of time. The Ghauri– I requires refuelling for several hours before launch and this makes it vulnerable to a first strike.  It is believed that this is why Pakistan has not pursued liquid fuel system other than the Ghauri–I and Ghauri-II. It also makes it less likely that the Ghaur-Iwould be armed with a nuclear warheads.  Although it has been stated that it is capable of being loaded with “all types” of warheads. 
Pakistan’s latest solid-fueled Shaheen–IA is believed to be an alternate missile system for the Ghauri–I. However, it has been stated that the Ghauri–I has advantages in lower cost than solid-fueled systems. This is advantageous when testing launch and control systems. It has been speculated that the Ghauri–I design may serve as a starting point for a Pakistan’s space launch vehicle. 

Nasr (missile)

The Hatf is a solid fuelled tactical ballistic missile system developed by Pakistan’sNational Development Complex (NDC). It is referred to by Pakistan’s Inter Services Public Relations organization as a “Multi Tube Ballistic Missile” because the launch vehicle carries multiple missiles. Its existence was revealed after a test in 2011 and it appears to have entered service after further testing in 2013. 
Background
According to defence analysts and missile technology experts the system appears to have been developed as a “low-yield battlefield deterrent” targeted at “mechanized forces like armed brigades and divisions”.  Therefore it is believed by analysts that the system is deployed to deter and respond to India’s “Cold Start” doctrine. Pakistan’s Inter-Services Public Relations agency says the Hatf IX was developed to “add deterrence value… at shorter ranges… with high accuracy, shoot and scoot attributes” for “quick response.” 
Design
The Hatf IX Nasr is a ballistic missile which carries a sub-kiloton nuclear warhead out to a range of 60 km (37.3 mi).[3][7] It is believed to be derived from the WS-2 Weishi Rockets system developed by China’s Sichuan Aerospace Corporation.[8] Four missiles are carried on the same Chinese-origin 8×8 transporter erector launcher (TEL) as the Pakistan Army’s A-100E 300mm Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS), a Chinese version of the BM-30 Smerch.
Capabilities
The missile can carry nuclear warheads of appropriate yield, with high accuracy. It also has an inflight maneuver capability and is specially designed to defeat all known anti-tactical missile defense systems. It also has the ability to fire at a target and immediately relocate to another position to avoid enemy counter-fire.  This was confirmed by Mansoor Ahmed, of Quaid-e-Azam University’s Department of Defence and Strategic Studies. “Its in-flight maneuverability is being improved to defeat potential Indian missile defenses against artillery rockets and short-range ballistic missiles, such as the Israeli Iron Dome system.” He further went on to say that the system is “fully integrated into the centralized command-and-control structure through round the clock situational awareness in a digitized network centric environment to the decision makers at National Command Center. Nasr is obviously India-specific and the salvo launch capability is a key ability in stopping Indian armored thrusts into Pakistani territory.” 
History 
The missile’s existence was first reported after a test-firing on 19 April 2011.  A 4-missile salvo fired on the 5th October 2013 is believed to have marked the conclusion of the testing programme and the system’s likely entry into service.

Intermediate Range Shaheen 1A (Hatf IV) Ballistic Missile

Pakistan today conducted a successful test launch of Intermediate Range Shaheen 1A (Hatf IV) Ballistic Missile. The successful launch was aimed at re-validating various design and technical parameters of the weapon system. Shaheen1A Missile is capable of carrying nuclear and conventional warheads to a range of 900 Kms. Today’s launch, with impact point in Arabian Sea, was witnessed by the Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Muhammad Zakaullah, Director General Strategic Plans Division, Lieutenant General Zubair Mahmood Hayat, Commander Army Strategic Forces Command, Lieutenant General Obaid Ullah Khan,Vice Admiral Zafar Mehmood Abbasi, Commander Pakistan Fleet, Chairman NESCOM, Mr Muhammad Irfan Burney, senior officers from the strategic forces, scientists and engineers of strategic organizations.
Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Muhammad Zakaullah, congratulated the scientists and engineers for their dedication, professionalism and commitment towards achieving Pakistan’s Full Spectrum Credible Minimum Deterrence Capability. Shaheen-1A with its highly accurate and indigenously developed guidance system is amongst the most accurate Missile System. He reiterated Pakistan’s desire for peaceful co-existence in the region. He appreciated the professional attributes of all concerned towards accomplishment of the sacred mission. He showed his full confidence over the Pakistan Armed Forces’ capability to safeguard security of the Mother Land against any aggression.
The successful test launch has also been warmly appreciated by the President and Prime Minister of Pakistan who congratulated the participating troops, the scientists and engineers on their outstanding achievement.